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Whether you’re making dinner for one or feeding a football team, a kitchen with all the essentials will make life easier – and chefs around the world agree on these key items.
While we use them for many other things, kitchens are primarily about food: storing it and preparing meals.
While the recipes and dishes vary widely, chefs all over the world expect at least some of the following:
Stove and oven
Cooking food may mean heating it, and there are many ways to do this. Which you choose will depend both on personal taste and what’s available locally. Stovetops are used to heat pans for frying or boiling while ovens are closed areas that get extremely hot and are used to bake or roast dishes.
Built-in options include:
Free-standing options include:
Other kitchen appliances
It’s impossible to list all the possible kitchen appliances, and each cook will have their own list of ones they consider indispensable. Common appliances include:
Whichever appliances you use, it’s important to have space to store them conveniently. [A]
Storing food properly can help keep your family healthy. Food that has been improperly stored or left too long is likely to rot or grow bacteria that can cause illness. It may also attract pests such as cockroaches and mice.
Refrigerator and freezer
Refrigeration is one of the great advances of the modern age as it allows food to be stored safely for much longer periods. Refrigeration does not kill bacteria but it does slow their growth, meaning that foods will take much longer to rot or cause illness.
Refrigerators typically store food at around 4C (40F), which is cool enough to preserve foods without freezing. Home freezers will usually be around -10-18C (14-0F) but commercial freezers can be much colder.
Before refrigeration was possible, humans developed many ways to preserve foods. Today, dry goods tend to refer to anything in the kitchen that does not need to be refrigerated, including:
These items will last months or years at room temperature, and will need storage space in the kitchen or somewhere easily accessible, such as a pantry.
Safe food and drink is critical to ensure that people don’t get ill, so hygiene is particularly important in the kitchen. A kitchen may need space for: